## Description

You are given a square board of characters. You can move on the board starting at the bottom right square marked with the character 'S'.

You need to reach the top left square marked with the character 'E'. The rest of the squares are labeled either with a numeric character 1, 2, ..., 9 or with an obstacle 'X'. In one move you can go up, left or up-left (diagonally) only if there is no obstacle there.

Return a list of two integers: the first integer is the maximum sum of numeric characters you can collect, and the second is the number of such paths that you can take to get that maximum sum, taken modulo 10^9 + 7.

In case there is no path, return [0, 0].

Example 1:

Input: board = ["E23","2X2","12S"]
Output: [7,1]


Example 2:

Input: board = ["E12","1X1","21S"]
Output: [4,2]


Example 3:

Input: board = ["E11","XXX","11S"]
Output: [0,0]


Constraints:

• 2 <= board.length == board[i].length <= 100

## Solutions

从右下角按照上、左和左上的三个方向走到最左上角。找出最大的加和以及走到最大加和处可能的路径数。

### 1. DP

自己写他喵的是绝对写不出来的！擦。

class Solution:
def pathsWithMaxScore(self, board: List[str]) -> List[int]:
if not board or len(board) == 0:
return [0, 0]

modulo = 10**9 + 7

r, c = len(board), len(board)
dp = [[[0, 0] for _ in range(c)] for _ in range(r)]
dp[-1][-1] = [0, 1]
for i in range(r-2, -1, -1):
if board[i][-1] == 'X':
continue
dp[i][-1] = dp[i-1][-1] + int(board[i][-1])
dp[i][-1] = dp[i-1][-1]

for i in range(c-2, -1, -1):
if board[-1][i] == 'X':
continue
dp[-1][i] = dp[-1][i-1] + int(board[-1][i])
dp[-1][i] = dp[-1][i-1]

for i in range(r-2, -1, -1):
for j in range(c-2, -1, -1):
if board[i][j] == 'X':
continue
max_v = max(dp[i+1][j] if board[i+1][j] != 'X' else 0, \
dp[i][j+1] if board[i][j+1] != 'X' else 0, \
dp[i+1][j+1] if board[i+1][j+1] != 'X' else 0)

if max_v == dp[i+1][j]:
dp[i][j] += dp[i+1][j] % modulo
if max_v == dp[i][j+1]:
dp[i][j] += dp[i][j+1] % modulo
if max_v == dp[i+1][j+1]:
dp[i][j] += dp[i+1][j+1] % modulo

dp[i][j] = max_v + int(board[i][j]) if board[i][j] != 'E' else 0

return dp

# Time: O(n^2)
# Space: O(n^2)
class Solution1:
def pathsWithMaxScore(self, board: List[str]) -> List[int]:
n, mod = len(board), 10**9 + 7
dp = [[[-10**5, 0] for j in range(n + 1)] for i in range(n + 1)]
dp[n - 1][n - 1] = [0, 1]

# loop bottom-to-up, right-to-left
for x in range(n)[::-1]:
for y in range(n)[::-1]:
if board[x][y] in 'XS': continue
for dx, dy in [[0, 1], [1, 0], [1, 1]]:
inheritsum = dp[x + dx][y + dy]
if dp[x][y] < inheritsum:
dp[x][y] = [inheritsum, 0]
if dp[x][y] == inheritsum:
dp[x][y] += dp[x + dx][y + dy]
dp[x][y] += int(board[x][y]) if x or y else 0
# return 0 as sum if the cell is not reachable
return [dp if dp else 0, dp % mod]

# 25/25 cases passed (200 ms)
# Your runtime beats 63.59 % of python3 submissions
# Your memory usage beats 100 % of python3 submissions (14.3 MB)