Solutions

def singleton(cls):
    _instance = {}

    def inner():
        if cls not in _instance:
            _instance[cls] = cls()
        return _instance[cls]
    return inner
    
@singleton
class Cls(object):
    def __init__(self):
        pass

cls1 = Cls()
cls2 = Cls()
print(id(cls1) == id(cls2))

References

  1. Python单例模式(Singleton)的N种实现